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25 November, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

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In 2020, 1121 women aged 15 to 29 reported cases of gender violence in the Basque Country, according to data from the Department of Security

On the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on 25 November, the Basque Youth Observatory will be publishing data provided by Emakunde and the Department of Security of the Basque Government.

According to these data, which list the number of women and the number of cases of violence against women officially registered by the Basque police, 4177 women were victims of violence against women in the Basque Country in 2020. Of these, 1121 were women between the ages of 15 and 29.

As we can see in the graph, there has been a significant drop between 2019 and 2020 in the number of women complainants, which is undoubtedly due to the "lull" caused by the lockdown.

Evolution of women reporting male violence, based on age group (absolute figures)

The rates of female victims of gender-based violence, calculated per 1000 women in each age group, reveal significant differences between the 15-29 age group and women aged 30 or over (7.6 ‰ and 3.6 ‰ respectively).

Evolution of rates of violence against women, based on age group (rate per 1000 women)

The most frequent type of violence against women, both among the group of young women and women over the age of 30, is violence perpetrated by a partner or former partner. 770 women aged 15 to 29 reported this type of male violence in 2020. By age groups, we find that 122 women in the youngest group (15 to 19) reported this type of violence; 320 women in the 20 to 24 age group; and 328 in the 25 to 29 age group.

Evolution of women reporting violence perpetrated by their partners or former partners, based on age group (absolute figures)

In 2020, domestic violence (except violence perpetrated by partners or former partners) was reported by 190 women between the ages of 15 and 29 and by 757 people over the age of 30.

Evolution of women reporting domestic violence (except violence perpetrated by partners or former partners), based on age group (absolute figures)

Violence against women's sexual freedom is the type of violence in which the figures are closest between young women complainants and women complainants over the age of 30. In the younger group, 161 women reported episodes of violence against their sexual freedom (95 among women aged 15-19, 36 among women aged 20-24, and 30 among women aged 25-29). On the other hand, 177 women over the age of 30 reported crimes against their sexual freedom.

Evolution of women reporting crimes against their sexual freedom, based on age group (absolute figures)

In order to examine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic from a gender perspective, Emakunde (Women’s Basque Organisation) has prepared the report Equality in times of pandemic, which can be consulted at the following links. Basque language and Spanish version.