On the occasion of the celebration of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, the Basque Youth Observatory presents statistical data collected in November 2022.
Bearing in mind that the institutional campaign in the Basque Country this year revolves around the idea of questioning men, the Basque Youth Observatory wants to compare how serious young women and men in the Basque Country consider certain attitudes to be.
Specifically, young people were asked to rate the severity of the following forms of violence: physical aggression, forcing them to have sex against their will, forbidding them to leave the house, threats, controlling their appearance, not letting them decide things, controlling social networks, insults and put-downs.
According to the data collected, corresponding to women and men aged 15-29, physical aggression is considered a very serious form of violence by 97.4% of Basque young people; forcing sexual relations against the other person's will is considered very serious by 96.5%; forbidding to leave the house is considered a very serious form of violence by 92.8% and threatening by 86.9%. From this point onwards, the percentages of those who consider these behaviours to be very serious start to fall, although they are in the majority, and the percentage of those who consider them to be quite serious starts to increase.
If we look at the percentages of those who consider these behaviours to be very serious according to the sex of the person interviewed, we can see that in the behaviours considered most serious by Basque young people, the differences between women and men are not very great. Thus, physical aggression is considered very serious by 98.8% of women and 96.2% of men.
However, the gap between women and men is greater and exceeds ten percentage points for violent behaviour that are considered to be less serious, such as controlling appearance, not letting people decide things, controlling social networks, insulting and belittling.
These data show that there is still a differentiated socialisation and sensitivity between women and men regarding what is violence and what is not. For this reason, as part of its training plan, the Basque Youth Observatory has been running workshops since 2019 aimed at providing professionals working with young people with pedagogical tools for working with male adolescents on equality and masculinity. More than 153 people from the field of education and social intervention have participated in these workshops.
The campaign on 25 November, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, will this year be unified and coordinated in the Basque Country. The Department of Equality, Justice and Social Policies, through Emakunde; the provincial councils of Araba, Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa; and EUDEL have signed this year a coordinated campaign between all the institutions.